No matter how carefully you choose the initial site for a tree, the time may come when it needs to be transplanted. Perhaps it has grown larger than anticipated, it isn't thriving in the chosen area, or you have plans to build something in the existing location -- whatever the reason, transplanting trees requires a certain amount of knowledge and expertise in order to be successful. Following are three tree planting essentials that you need to know before you start.
1. Newly Transplanted Trees Have High Water Requirements
Whether you've transplanted a tree straight from the nursery or moved a tree from one part of your property to another, the tree will require more water than trees that have already been established in the landscape. Different types of trees have different watering needs, but in general, you should water your tree once per day for the first two weeks after it's been transplanted and once per week after that for the following year except when the tree is in its dormancy period. Naturally, you should refrain from watering on days when heavy rainfall has occurred. Keep the soil around the tree moist, but don't soak or flood it. After the first full growing season, the root ball of the tree should be developed to the extent where the tree can survive on its own with average summer water.
2. Newly Transplanted Trees May Develop Transplant Shock
Many homeowners erroneously believe that newly transplanted trees have been killed because they begin to droop and wilt. However, some degree of this is perfectly normal -- it's a condition known as transplant shock. It usually occurs because the fine hairs at the very ends of the roots have been destroyed during the transplanting process. You can minimize transplant shock by fertilizing only with root-boosting formulas during the first year, staking young, thin trees to provide them with extra support.
3. Newly Transplanted Trees Thrive Best When the Timing is Right
Transplanted trees have a better chance of survival when the timing is right. Deciduous trees, for instance, should be transplanted before they break dormancy in the spring or in the autumn after their leaves begin to turn. If you're transplanting an evergreen, wait until late summer in order to provide them with ample time to get established in their new location before winter weather conditions arrive on the scene.
For assistance, talk to a professional like Gold Creek Tree Farms, Ltd.